Use of ‘shi’ to Mention Many Reasons


A:とうして  まつやま さん が すき てす か。Why do you like Matsuyama?

B. さあ….まつやまさん な かわいし、けっこ だ し、 はんさむ  な おとこ  の ひと だ し。 uhmm..Because Matsuyama is cute,wonderful and a handsome man.

We use ‘shi’ or し  when we want to state many reasons consecutively. It is placed  after an adjective or the reason itself. For the example above ,

i-adjective ‘ Kawaii ‘ became ‘kawaishi’.  Replace last i with shi. Because he is cute.

na-adjective ‘kekko na’ became kekko da shi. Replace na with ‘da shi’. Because he s wonderful.

Also a  reason ending in desu, will result to desu becoming dashi. Like for the example above , ” hansamu na otoko no hito desu”  became ”hansamu na otoko no hito da shi” . Because he’s a handsome man.

i adjective — drop i, add shi
Na adjective — drop na, add da shi
Reason  desu — drop desu, add  da shi

How about you? Why do you like a certain person?


Grammar Review 20: Informality


(This is a screenshot of opening of chapter 20 of Shin Nihongo No Kiso book. This is done just for the short recap of what I learned in this chapter.)

1. Ashita tokyo e iku. Tomorrow, I will go to Tokyo.

The ku-form of the verb is used when you want to express in informal way. It is often used between families and friends. Like for this example. Iku is the ku-form of ikimasu which is more polite and formal. Their meaning is just the same.

2.Mainichi isogashii. I am busy everyday.

When expressing informality for adjectives, it should be in the base form. Just like in the example above. If we’re going to show formality, we should have said Mainichi isogashii desu. If we’re going to put it in negative, meaning we’re going to say “not busy” it would be “Mainichi isogashikunai.” In formal form it should be, Mainishi isogashiku arimasen. In other words, the informal form of arimasen is “nai”.

3.Kyou wa ii tenki da. The weather today is good.

Here, it shows that the informal form of desu is da. To put the sentence in formal form, it would be “Kyouwa ii tenki desu.”


Nihongo Grammar List Part 4

Hooray. Finally, this is the Part 4. I hope this would be helpful to those who are studying Nihongo like me. If you want to see the previous parts, just check out the link below.


16.のがじょうずです-noga jozu desu

Meaning:Dictionary form +noga jozu desu – be good at (dic)


kanojo wa utau noga jozu desu – she is good at singing
Takeshi wa sumo o suru noga jozu desu – Takeshi is good at playing sumo


sumo o suru=playing sumo

17:のがへたです—noga heta desu

Meaning:Dictionary form + noga heta desu – be poor at (dic) , be not good at (dic)


Mary wa eigo o hanasu noga heta desu – Mary is poor at speaking English
Mary wa ryori o suru noga heta desu – Mary is not good at cooking

ryori o suru=cooking

18. まだ~ていません Mada —-te imasen

Meaning:Mada —-te form + imasen – have not….yet


Watashi wa mada hirugohan o tabete imasen -I have not eaten lunch yet
Ken wa mada okite imasen – Ken has not woken up yet

tabete imasen= have not eaten
okite=woken up

19.Total AのほうがBより A noga B yori


A no houga B yori  (property) – A is more (characteristics) than B


Densha no houga Bus yori hayai desu – Train is faster than Bus
Nihon no houga Igirisu yori ookii desu – Japan is bigger than Great Britain




Igirisu=Great Britain

20.のなかでAがいちば Class of items)no naka de A ga ichiban (characteristics)

Meaning:In comparison among three or more items , the degree qualifer ” ichiban” is used
(Class of items)no naka de A ga ichiban (property) – A is the most (property)among (Class of items)


Sekai no naka de nihon ga ichiban anzen desu – Japan is the saftest country in the world
Class no nakade Takao ga ichiban ookii desu – Takao is the tallest in the class


For Previous Part of this series.

Grammar List 1

Grammar List 2

Grammar List 3