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Grammar Review 21: to omoimasu.to iimashita

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(This is a screenshot of opening of chapter 21 of Shin Nihongo No Kiso book. This is done just for the short recap of what I learned in this chapter.)

1. Konban ame ga furu to omoimasu. I think it will rain tonight.

Syntax: u-form verb + to omoimasu

Usage: This is used in expressing opinion. It directly translates to “I think” however unlike english, this is put at the end of the sentence.  If we would like to tell the opposite, saying,I think it will not rain tonight, it would be “Konban ame ga furanai to omoimasu”.

2. Kaisha no hito wa ashita senta e kiru to iimashita. The employee said he will come to the center tomorrow.

Syntax: Speaker was u-form verb + to iimashita

Usage: This is used when indirectly quoting someone. Just like in this example, the speaker is “kaisha no hito” meaning “company person or employee” . “Ashita e senta e kiru” is the action in question which mean literally “tomorrow I will go to center” . Then adding to iimashita to indicate that it has been said by the employee.

Another way of saying this is

Kaisha no hito wa ” Ashita, Senta e kiru” to iimashita. “I will come to the center tomorrow”, the employee said.

In this instance, you directly quote the employee. However this is only appropriate in written form.

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Grammar Review 17: naide kudasai, kereba narimasen

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(This is a screenshot of opening of chapter 17 of Shin Nihongo No Kiso. This is done just for the short recap)

1.Shashin o toranaide kudasai. Please don’t take pictures.

Syntax: nai-form verb+de kudasai.

Usage: This is used when you are requesting someone to not do something. Such as the case above, toranai is  the nai-form of torimasu which means “to take,to capture”. Toranaide kudasai means “not to take” and the kudasai part  add the “please” or a formal request.

2.Mainichi benkyou o shinakereba narimasen. You have to study everyday.

Syntax: verb in na form+nakereba narimasen.

Usage: This is used to express obligation, the need to do something important. Shinai to ikemasen is another form of saying this but it is more formal.

3. Doyoubi no gogo benkyou shinakutemo ii desu. You don’t have to study on Saturday afternoon.

Syntax: verb in na-form+kutemo ii desu.

Usage: This is the complete opposite of nakeraba-narimasen. it is used in stating of actions that is not so important to do.

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Nihongo Grammar List Part 4

Hooray. Finally, this is the Part 4. I hope this would be helpful to those who are studying Nihongo like me. If you want to see the previous parts, just check out the link below.

GANBARIMASHO!

16.のがじょうずです-noga jozu desu

Meaning:Dictionary form +noga jozu desu – be good at (dic)

Examples

kanojo wa utau noga jozu desu – she is good at singing
Takeshi wa sumo o suru noga jozu desu – Takeshi is good at playing sumo

Vocabulary

kanojo=she
utau=sing
sumo o suru=playing sumo

17:のがへたです—noga heta desu

Meaning:Dictionary form + noga heta desu – be poor at (dic) , be not good at (dic)

Examples

Mary wa eigo o hanasu noga heta desu – Mary is poor at speaking English
Mary wa ryori o suru noga heta desu – Mary is not good at cooking

Vocabulary
eigo=english
hanasu=speaking
ryori o suru=cooking

18. まだ~ていません Mada —-te imasen

Meaning:Mada —-te form + imasen – have not….yet

Examples

Watashi wa mada hirugohan o tabete imasen -I have not eaten lunch yet
Ken wa mada okite imasen – Ken has not woken up yet

Vocabulary
hirugohan=lunch
tabete imasen= have not eaten
okite=woken up

19.Total AのほうがBより A noga B yori

Meaning

A no houga B yori  (property) – A is more (characteristics) than B

Examples

Densha no houga Bus yori hayai desu – Train is faster than Bus
Nihon no houga Igirisu yori ookii desu – Japan is bigger than Great Britain

Vocabulary
densha=train

hayai=fast

Nihon=Japan

Igirisu=Great Britain

20.のなかでAがいちば Class of items)no naka de A ga ichiban (characteristics)

Meaning:In comparison among three or more items , the degree qualifer ” ichiban” is used
(Class of items)no naka de A ga ichiban (property) – A is the most (property)among (Class of items)

Examples

Sekai no naka de nihon ga ichiban anzen desu – Japan is the saftest country in the world
Class no nakade Takao ga ichiban ookii desu – Takao is the tallest in the class

Vocabulary
sekai-world
nihon-japan
anzen-safe
ookii-tallest,biggest

For Previous Part of this series.

Grammar List 1

Grammar List 2

Grammar List 3 

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出した

japanesesentences:

【だした】dashita

Something started to do something.

Example sentences:
彼女は走り出した。
かのじょははしりだした。
kanojo wa hashiri dashita.
She started to run. 

雪が降り出した。
ゆきがふりだした。
yuki ga furidashita.
It began to snow. 

 車が動き出した。
くるまがうごきだした。
kuruma ga ugokidashita.
The car began to move.

 Help from jisho.org and jgram.org!

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thatjapanaddict:

This time around, I’ll be looking at the conditional. With this type of conditional, we can express a regular “if” without any assumptions or embedded meanings. This conditional cannot be used with nouns or -adjectives. Other than that, I have found it to be quite…

Japanese Sentences: That Japan Addict – Language Lesson 03 09-09-2011 – ば Conditional