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Nihongo Grammar List Part 3

Nihongo Grammar Part 3: From 11-15

11.から kara

Meaning:Because (reason)

Examples

Ashita test desu kara benkyo shimasu – I will study because there will be a test tommorow

12.ている te iru

Meaning

an action in progress, verbs that described continuous, activity that last for some time, state, changes that are more or less instantaneous, everyday exercise

Examples

Ken wa benkyo shite imasu – Ken is studying(right now)

Watashi wa nigongo o oshiete imasu- I teach Japanese(everyday excise) or I am teaching Japanese(now)

kanajo wa kekko shite imasu- She is married

13.にいく ni iku

Meaning:Verb stem + ni iku means ” Go to verb”

Examples

Tabe ni iku – go to eat
Nomi ni iku – go to drink

 

 

14.ないでください naide kudasai

Meaning:To request that someone refrain from doing something

Negative stem + naide kudasai – Please do not …

Examples
hanasanaide kudasai – Please do not speak
nenaide kudasai – please do not sleep

  

15.のがすきです noga suki desu

Meaning:I like to verb.
Verb dictionary from + noga suki desu

Examples

Watashi wa utau noga suki desu – I like to sing

Kanojo wa tennis o suru no ga suki desu – She likes to play tennis

For Part 2:http://out—skirts.tumblr.com/post/12320418614/nihongo-grammar-list-part-2

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Nihongo Grammar List Part 2

List from 6 -10!

Part 1: http://out—skirts.tumblr.com/day/2011/11/04

6.ませんか

masen ka

Meaning:stem +ませんか is used to invite someone to do it. Won’t you – , How about – , Wouldn’t you –

Examples
Issho ni tabemasen ka? – Won’t you eat with me?
Date shimasen ka? – Won’t you go on a date?

 

7.は wa

Meaning:Topic maker, As for – , about

Examples
Kyou wa , Tokyo ni ikimasu – As for today, I will go to Tokyo.
Watash no senmon wa nihongo desu – As fo my major, It is Japanese

 

8.てください—te kudasai

Meaning: Te form + kusasai – to make polite request to another person, Please do

Examples

Yonde kudasai – Please read
Tatte – kudasai – Please stand up
Okite kudasai – Please wake up


9.てもいいです—te mo ii desu

Meaning:Te-form + mo ii desu means, You can do… or You may do… describe an activity that is permitted.

Examples

(to your kids) TV o mite mo ii desu – You can watch TV (permisson)

Note: te mo ii desu ka . means, May I or Can I do something( asking permisson)

  

10.てはいけません —-te wa ikemasen

Meaning Te-form + wa ikemasen means, to give someone permission to do something.You can’t do…

Examples

Class de nete wa ikemasen – In the class, You can’t sleep

Part 3 in Queue!

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Nihongo Grammar List Part 1

I’m brushing up my grammar list because I’m slowly forgetting them. I hope this could help others too! Or if you could add something to this grammar list, please send me a message. I would ve very pleased to hear that.

1.desu
Meaning:is, are,am (to be)

Examples

Watashi wa gakusei desu
I am a student

2.—mo

Meaning
too, also as well

Examples

Watashi wa nihonjin desu – I am a Japanese person
Anata mo nihonjin desu – You are Japanese,too

3.ni
Meaning: goal of movement, to (place, etc)

Examples
Watashi wa Nihon ni ikimasu
I will go to Japan
 

4.ni

Meaning-time reference, at on in (time)

 Examples
1 ji ni nemasu
I sleep at 1 o’clock
Nichiyou bi ni kyoto ni ikimasu
I will go to Kyoto on Sunday

5.o

Meaning:indicates direct objects, object maker

Watashi wa sushi o tabemasu
I eat sushi

Watashi wa TV o mimasu
I watch TV

   

That’s the first five. I’ll post the continuation in queue.